3 Components to a Boot Fit
1. Shell (size and last/shape/volume)
To get the best Comfort, Fit and Performance from your boots, a custom footbed is essential in ski boots. Snowboard boots really should have an additional footbed such as a 'Superfeet', 'Slimflex' or custom snowboard footbed in place of the original. Custom ski footbeds can be great in snowboard boots but due to the more dynamic nature of snowboarding are not always suitable for everyone. Manufacturers do not put the best footbeds in their boots as it makes them more expensive. Some people can also find too 'aggressive' footbeds uncomfortable and therefore a more custom approach might be needed. An example of this is someone with very flat feet who could find any arch shape in the footbed uncomfortable. A podiatrist would be able to make a more corrective footbed that ramps the whole foot from the forefoot to the rear foot.
If you already wear orthotic footbeds made by a podiatrist then you should consult you podiatrist about wearing wintersports footwear. Often however, if it feels good then it is ok and a good in-store boot technician can still help you here. For example, a custom made pair of footbeds can still be made for you and because you only really wear your ski boots for relatively short periods of time there will not be any real negative effects if they have been made as normal by an experienced boot technician..
When trying to diagnose a problem with your boots, it is often that a symptom you have is not where the problem lies. If you go to a good Snow Sports Retailer they should follow a few standard procedures. This involves checking all the 3 components and recommending a suitable footbed which is essential in order to stabilise your foot.
Use this size chart to work out your size across all measurement units.
Mondo Point is the world metric standard and is how most Ski and Snowboard boots are measured.